Large root with a pleasant bitterness and delicate aroma, reminiscent of lemon, is well known to many hostesses. This spice is used in cooking to spice up meat and fish dishes.
Ginger is a useful plant that helps strengthen the immune system and is used in the treatment of heart and gastrointestinal diseases. Do you know what a plant looks like in natural conditions? Where is growing? How to grow ginger at home?
Ginger refers to perennial plants. It resembles reeds decorated with orchid flowers. In addition to many useful properties, it has excellent external characteristics, and therefore can revive the interior of any style.
Its thin sparse leaves do not obscure the room, and the flower does not require complex care. This is a very beautiful plant with oblong leaves, pointed at the ends, painted in a delicate green color. It can be not only an assistant in the treatment of many diseases, but also an exquisite interior decoration.
This tropical flora, belonging to rhizome plants, is a close relative of turmeric, beautiful flowers of ginger lily, cardamom, globes, Siamese tulip, alpini. Its stalk is covered with small scaly formations. In natural conditions, the plant reaches a height of two meters, and if you grow ginger from the root at home, the plant will not exceed 60 cm in height.
Ginger is a native of Southeast Asia. In Asian countries, grown from antiquity. In the Middle Ages, the plant was imported to European countries. It was on the European continent that it began to be eaten and used in medicine.
Secrets of growing ginger at home
Many florists are interested in whether it is possible to grow ginger at home? Yes, and to do it is not so difficult. True, flower growers should understand that, knowing how to grow ginger at home, you will get a slightly different plant, differing in some characteristics from wild relatives:
- Ginger is a perennial plant, but grown at home it turns into a one-year crop.
- If you grow ginger from the root at home, the plant will be lower and less juicy.
- The houseplant has not so bright aroma, although it also has a lemon note.
How to grow ginger at home: a step by step description. Choosing a material
The first step is to purchase high-quality and fresh planting material. You will need a dense and fresh root, which has survived at least a few live kidneys. It often happens that there are kidneys, and the root itself has planted. In this case, it must be placed in water for some time in order to gain elasticity. It should be warm so that sleeping buds awaken quickly.
Probably, you know that most fruits and vegetables are processed before transportation by special chemical compounds, which ensure the delivery of cargo without loss. In addition, they protect them from germination. To remove the composition, the root is soaked for two days in water. And in order to remove the infection from the surface, you should add quite a bit of manganese, baking soda or a solution of Fitosporin to the water.
Many inexperienced growers do not know how to grow ginger at home, in particular, they are interested in how to choose the soil for the plant. You can use the soil for growing vegetables or wet moss. If you want to grow a houseplant, it is preferable to use sphagnum moss. If you are going to transplant it in the spring in the open ground, then choose the ground: ginger, grown on wet sphagnum moss, does not take root in the fresh air.
You can independently prepare the soil mixture by mixing one part of clay with three parts of peat.
If you are interested in how to grow ginger at home, pay attention to choosing the right pot for the plant. This should take into account the peculiarity of ginger. The roots of the plant do not grow in depth, but horizontally. Therefore, a wide box or a shallow pot is suitable for him.
For the cultivation of decorative home decoration will require a fairly compact pot, so that the culture has directed all its strength to the stem and flowers, and not to the root.
How to plant and grow ginger from the root?
Root with the sprung buds ready for planting in the ground. Planting a plant involves several steps:
To ensure the necessary humidity, we recommend to take care of drainage. To this end, claydite or crushed foam is poured at the bottom of the pot.
The next layer is the ground (or sphagnum). They are filled with 2/3 of the pot. The soil must be moistened, but moderately. For this purpose it is better to use a spray.
On the ground spread rhizome (whole or cut into pieces). All buds should be directed upwards. Top very carefully, not to damage the sprouts, poured the soil (or moss). The top layer should be no more than five centimeters in height.
Indoor Ginger Care: Temperature
Sprouted root is planted for indoor floriculture in the middle of spring, and for cultivation in open ground in winter. For the normal development of the plant it is necessary to ensure the air temperature in the room about +20 ° C. At temperatures below +15 ° C ginger "fall asleep."
During the period of active growth (in summer), the plant needs a higher temperature (+32 ° C).
Ginger loves good ambient light and does not tolerate direct sunlight, which can cause leaf burns. It is better to put a pot with a plant on the western or eastern windowsill.
The soil should always be hydrated. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture. Water should not stand in the pan. You will understand the lack of moisture by fallen and wrinkled leaves. When excessive watering will begin to rot the root system, and the leaves turn yellow. After moistening, it is necessary to loosen the soil a little.
When ginger releases the first sprouts, it will need additional feeding every 12 days. For young plants use a solution of mullein, mineral complexes. From mid-August to late autumn, ginger is fed with potash fertilizers and organic mixtures.
Ginger in indoor floriculture is grown as an ornamental and medicinal plant. That is why the time comes when it is necessary to harvest. For better root development, the plant is watered much less frequently in the fall. Watch carefully for the leaves. When they start to dry - the crop is ripe.
Carefully dig up the root, clean it from the soil and wash it. Dry raw materials in a dry room with good ventilation. Store the roots in the refrigerator, in a dark, dry cabinet. If desired, you can cut and freeze the ginger. In this case, it will not lose useful properties.
Grow ginger at home: 2 important questions
A beautiful tropical plant can grow even a beginner florist. It does not require tremendous experience or vast areas. Ginger does not need special conditions. But before proceeding to the cultivation of a plant, you need to answer two important questions that will affect both the characteristics of planting and recommendations for care.
- For what purposes is grown culture. Ginger can be grown for healing rhizomes. But some growers appreciate the plant for its appearance, decoration. Ginger stalk resembles sedge and grows up to one meter in height. Smooth long leaves, tightly covering the shoot, reach an average of 20 cm. But the bright flowers of a very unusual shape are considered to be a real highlight of the plant.
- Where ginger will be planted. Culture can develop normally in a normal apartment. A beautiful plant is easy to grow in open ground, but in this case it is important to choose the right soil and accurately determine the time of planting.
4 recommendations for preparation
Where to start? Initially, it is necessary to prepare planting material. Acquire it is recommended immediately before boarding. To greatly simplify the preparatory stage, you can use the recommendations of professional florist. There are four tips.
- The choice of the root. Pick up the rhizome with a smooth, unwrinkled skin. Ginger should not be lethargic. choose a tuber with buds. And the more of them, the better. After all, it is from them that the sprouts will hatch.
- Disinfection. Before shipment, the product is treated with special chemicals to ensure normal delivery and protect against germination. To remove this chemistry, it is recommended to soak the tuber in water for two days. And in order to destroy the infection from the surface, you need to add a little manganese to the water, Fitosporin solution or baking soda (one teaspoon for a glass of liquid).
- Selection of soil. For the cultivation of ginger, you can use wet moss or earth. If the culture will grow in the apartment, it is better to choose sphagnum moss. If a spring plant is planned to be transplanted into open ground, then land is preferable. Ginger grown on wet moss, very hard to take root in the open spaces. For the culture of the soil used for planting vegetables. The soil can be prepared independently by combining three parts of peat and one part of clay.
- Capacity. When choosing a pot for a plant, it is necessary to take into account one peculiarity of ginger. Its roots grow along, not in depth. Therefore, the ideal container for the plant will be a wide box or pot, and not a deep one. If the ginger grows as a decorative decoration of the house, the pot should be compact enough for the culture to direct all its strength to the stem and flowers, and not to the development of rhizomes.
How to awaken the kidneys
If the decontaminated planting material is planted in the soil, then the dynamics of development will not be visible for about two months. Of course, during this time many times they will be tormented by doubts: is it possible to grow ginger at home or is it a fairy tale? To resolve this dilemma and speed up the growth process, it is necessary to wake up the kidneys before planting. On average, this procedure takes from three to four days to two weeks. Gardeners recommend two methods of sprouting sprouts.
- In the wet moss. A tall container lined with sphagnum. Ginger is put on it, necessarily kidneys up. Top cover with a thin layer of moss. All layers are watered abundantly with warm water. The container is better to put near the battery on the window.
- In water . This is a rather “exotic” method of root germination. Ginger is placed on a thin wooden stick (you can take skewers for kebabs). Then it is suspended above the container with water so that the lower part of the root is in the water. You must constantly monitor the level of fluid in the container.
Stages landing in the ground
The plant with the budded buds is fully prepared for planting in the ground. In order to grow ginger at home from the rootkill, you need to properly approach the process of planting.
Landing in the ground includes the following steps:
- Drainage system. To ensure the necessary moisture must install a drainage system. At the bottom of the pot put crushed foam or expanded clay.
- Backfilling. Drainage poured soil or sphagnum spread. It is necessary to fill two thirds of the pot. Moisturize the soil, but it should not be poured. It is better to use a spray that will evenly distribute moisture.
- Planting rhizomes. Spread whole rhizome or cut parts on the prepared soil. All kidneys must "look" up.
- Backfilling of planting material. Top on the ginger carefully, so as not to damage the sprouts, sprinkle the soil or spread moss. Topsoil should be low, about 3-5 cm.
6 rules of care
The first shoots will appear in the period from two weeks to two months. To get a strong and healthy plant, it is important to provide him with an environment close to the natural one.
- Temperature mode. Planting sprouted plants is usually carried out in mid-spring or, if planned to be grown in open ground, in winter. In order for the culture to sprout and develop normally, it is necessary to ensure the temperature in the room is +18 - + 20 ° C. If the air is cool, below +15, then the ginger will simply fall asleep. During active growth, which occurs in the summer, the plant needs +28 - + 32 ° C. Sharp drops are very dangerous to ginger. Temperature fluctuations can completely destroy the plant.
- Lighting. Tropical culture loves light. However, it does not tolerate the scorching rays of the sun. Ultraviolet rays can cause real burns on the leaves. It is better to place the plant pot on the windowsill of the western or eastern window.
- Air humidity . In its natural environment, ginger grows in tropical rain forests. For culture, sufficient moisture is important. This issue is particularly acute during heating. Ginger must be moistened daily with a spray bottle. In late autumn, when the leaves begin to turn yellow, spraying stops.
- Watering mode. The soil must be maintained in a state of constant humidity. However, do not pour ginger. Water should not stagnate in the pan. But it is also important not to allow the soil to dry out, especially during the active development of ginger. Shortened and fallen leaves signal water deficiency. In case of excessive flooding, the root system will begin to rot, the leaves will turn yellow. For irrigation, soft, settled water is used, normal room temperature. After wetting it is recommended to slightly loosen the soil.
- Plant nutrition. After the appearance of the first shoots, the feeding of a tropical culture is carried out every 10-12 days. Used for young ginger solution of mullein. You can use mineral complexes. Starting from mid-August until late autumn, potash fertilizers are introduced into the soil, alternating them with organic mixtures.
- Pruning plants. Is it necessary to prune ginger branches? It completely depends on the goals. If the plant is planted to obtain a medicinal root, then periodically it is necessary to cut the leaves so that more force is directed towards the formation of tubers. But if the main task is to get a lush ginger bush, then the “crown” should not be formed.
In mid-September, and sometimes in October-November, the leaves and stem of the plant begin to turn yellow and dry. Shoots fall apart. So ginger signals about its ripening. Watering completely stopped. The root is removed from the soil, cleaned from the soil. Then dried in the sun.
If ginger is grown in a pot to get flowers, then you should not dig up the root. All yellowed tops are removed, and the root remains in the ground. In the autumn the plant goes into sleep mode. In the autumn-winter period, it is necessary to follow simple recommendations.
- Watering. It is reduced to a minimum. However, you must constantly monitor that the soil does not dry out. It should always be slightly wet.
- Temperature. In order to ensure normal hibernation of the culture, the indoor air should be within + 10 ° C. Therefore, the pot with ginger is better to move to a dark cellar.
3 more tips to help grow ginger
Florists claim that growing ginger from the root at home is a snap. The main thing is to be patient and not to forget about your green pet. Experts recommend that when cultivating a crop, adopt the following three tips.
- Watering culture. The plant can withstand a minor drought, but excessive watering will seriously harm it. Excess water will cause the root system to rot, the healing root will be lost. Therefore, before watering, always try the ground with your finger. It is recommended to moisturize the soil after it dries.
- Place for plants. Culture will more easily carry the shadow than the scorching rays of the sun. Therefore, if the choice of places is not rich, then it is better to place the pot on a stand away from the window.
- Conditions for growth. Ginger is able to develop normally only in a warm atmosphere and does not tolerate drafts at all. Even a small wind can destroy the plant.
Tropical culture will fill the house with the amazing atmosphere of the hot southern countries. And if you know how to grow ginger at home, remember all the subtleties, you can get a healing root or wait for beautiful inflorescences. Experts give another important tip. Pruned leaves will not blow away. True gourmets recommend using them for salad. A dish from such a component will acquire a refined taste. However, it is not necessary to trim the leaves too often. The plant may react unpredictably to such aggression. Sometimes growth stops completely, both on the ground and rhizomes.
How to plant ginger root?
First you need to choose high-quality planting material - smooth and healthy, not over-dried root. Так как имбирь размножается делением клубня, посадочный корень должен иметь много побеговых почек («глазков») на своей поверхности. Эти росточки чем-то напоминают картофельные «глазки» и выполняют аналогичную функцию.
Выбирайте для посадки пухлые корни, без морщин, с несколькими «пальцами», с видимыми глазками на конце «пальцев». Идеально было бы, чтобы эти глазки уже позеленели, но, вобщем-то, это не обязательно.
Before you buy ginger root for planting, make sure that it has not been in the freezer.
In order for the kidneys to “wake up” and become more active, you can soak the root in warm water for 3–4 hours and then cut (cut into bridges) into separate fragments. Some gardeners recommend soaking tubers in a not very strong solution of potassium permanganate. The cut area can be powdered with crushed coal (activated pharmacy or ash).
As mentioned above, the ginger root is planted in early spring.
Ginger prefers penumbra or areas where the sun is from morning to noon. Landing should be protected from wind, the soil is wet and warm - somewhere from 22 ° to 25 ° C.
In the tropics in their homeland, ginger grows in full shade, but, for example, in the middle zone, a shady place may be too cold for him.
Ginger grows slowly, especially outside the tropics. If you are lucky, a sprout may appear in a few days. But usually it takes at least two weeks.
For full maturity, 8-10 months should pass, so by the onset of winter you can already reap the fruits of your own harvest. In natural growth conditions, ginger is a perennial plant, but in the domesticated variant it will be one-year.
Ginger root should be deepened by about 3 cm, while the germs (eyes) should look up. After planting, sprinkle the tubers with soil and pour water over it. It is better to place the pot itself where it will be cool, not more than + 15 ° C, where it will be dry, there will be no access to direct sunlight.
The first shoots appear usually after 12-14 days, before this time you should not overly fill the soil with water (so that the roots do not rot) - it should be a bit damp.
How to grow ginger from the root - care
Caring for the ginger root while growing is regular but moderate watering. It should not be allowed to dry out the soil, as well as too much moisture. During the growing season, ginger can be fertilized with mullein, diluted in water (1 in 10), about 1 time in 3 weeks. After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the top layer of soil, and if you irrigate the stem from the sprayer every day, the ginger will tell you “thank you”.
Around the end of September, when the stalks and leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, dry out, reduce the frequency of watering to a minimum, and stop irrigation altogether. By the time the ground part of the ginger is completely dry, you can dig up the tubers. After extraction from the ground, ginger is cleaned from the remnants of the soil, the adventitious roots are removed, dried in an open sunny place for several days.
If you have the opportunity to make pots of ginger on the street (cottage, courtyard of a private house), then the best place for the plant will be a shaded area, for example, the shadow of a tree or sprawling bush. Ginger is a light-loving plant, but at the same time, the direct rays of the sun are destructive for it.
When growing ginger in the manner described above, you will not see it blooming. It blooms in the second year, if at least part of the root was left in the ground for the winter. It is unlikely that he will survive in mid-latitudes. I think that only residents of the southern regions, for example, the Black Sea coast, can see the flowering ginger. But even they should cover the roots of ginger, left for the winter, mulch.
Below you can see a video with a photo of blooming ginger.
The special difficulties of growing this culture will not bring you. Like any plant, ginger needs care and attention. Therefore, any grower can grow ginger from the root, both beginner and experienced. If you love this spicy and healing tuber, do not miss this opportunity.
Video: How to plant and care for ginger.
So, how to grow ginger at home? First you need to choose the planting material. Best of all, such a plant reproduces by grafting, which means that you need to use the root part. Go to the store and select the root.
It should certainly be with viable kidneys, it is from them that the aboveground part will begin to develop. These buds look like the eyes of a potato and should be fresh and dense. The root itself must be whole, not frozen and not overdried. On its surface there should be no damage and stains. Peel should be shiny, smooth.
Ginger can also be grown from seed, but it is more difficult and takes a lot of time.
How to grow?
If you decide to use the root, you can take it entirely or separate some part. It is advisable to treat the cut place with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (ordinary potassium permanganate), this will avoid fungal infections. To stimulate the growth of buds, the root part should be placed in warm water for several hours.
Next, the rhizome moves into the pot to a depth of about two or three centimeters, but in such a way that most of the eyes are on top. The soil is abundantly watered. Humidity must be constantly maintained. The first shoots under favorable conditions should appear already after two or three weeks.
By the way, the most successful time for landing is the end of winter. Just by spring, the plant will be strengthened, and by autumn it will yield a crop.
If you decide to use seeds, you should sow them in a box with drainage at the bottom and fertile soil. Capacity is desirable to put in a warm and well-lit place. Humidity should be maintained. When sprouts appear, you need to plant sprouts.
Selection of pot and soil
Equally important is the choice of a pot in which ginger will grow. It is best to use a wide one, since the root will grow to the sides, rather than deeper.
As for the soil, it is desirable to use fertile loam with a significant content of humus. At the bottom of the box, place the drainage, the layer of which will be approximately three centimeters. It can consist of a mixture of equal parts of sand, leaf humus and sod land.
Choosing the right place
If the pot will be at home, then choose a warm place. But placing ginger on the windowsill is not worth it, since an excessive amount of direct sunlight can be disastrous for it and lead to drying out. It is advisable to choose a plot in the penumbra or with diffused light.
If you decide to grow ginger in the country, then place the bed is not under the sun. It can be located in the shade of a tree or, for example, behind the house. By the way, you first need to germinate the ginger at home in a pot, so that sprouts appear and become firmly mute. And around April or May, the root can be moved to a prepared bed.
Humidity and temperature
The optimum temperature is 20-25 degrees. Below 5 degrees it should not fall.
Humidity should be quite high, so keep it constant. Ginger loves spraying, so as often as possible (up to several times a day), do this procedure. In addition, next to the pot you can put a container with water.
It is necessary to water ginger quite often, but it is better to have a little bit so that the water does not stagnate (this can lead to rotting of the roots). In hot weather, the amount of liquid should be increased, and as the temperature decreases, it is desirable to reduce it.
The soil should not dry out, otherwise the plant will simply die. Constantly monitor its humidity. To avoid moisture stagnation, you can gently loosen the ground after each watering.
Ginger requires additional feeding, which is done once or twice a week from the moment the first shoots appear and almost until the end of the summer. Both organic and mineral supplements are used.
So, first you can use mullein, diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10. And from August you can use organic fertilizers, as well as potash fertilizers, which provide growth. If you plan to grow ginger for more than one year and see flowers, then add phosphorus, it will contribute to the establishment of buds.
If you plan to grow ginger further, then leave it to hibernate. If you keep ginger in the garden, then in order to avoid freezing of the root, move it home, but in a cool room. Watering cut down. Around the end of March or April, increase the watering again, and place the pot in the heat.
If ginger grows at home, then for the winter too he needs to ensure peace by reducing watering and moving the pot to a cool place.
Let ginger grow and make you happy! But for this, provide him with the right care.
Ground and landing
An important condition for success is the ground. For tropical plants, which is ginger, suitable soil mixture, where foliar humus, sand and black soil are mixed in equal proportions.
For planting it is not necessary to acquire deep pots, suitable shallow wide containerswhere the drainage is placed, and then pochvosmes.
How to plant?
This section describes how to plant ginger at home. Place the root or parts of it in the prepared soil mixture horizontally up by the kidneys. There is no need to deepen the planting material, it is enough to cover the kidneys with a layer from 3 to 5 cm.
Liberally pour. And then place a container of ginger in a cool room with low humidity. Watering, do not forget that this plant dislike stagnant moisture - you need to water often, but not very plentifully.
The first shoots may appear already after 3 weeks.
How does the root grow?
So how does ginger grow? Seeing the long-awaited sprouts, change the scheme of plant care. Frequent, 5 times per week, watering will ensure good growth of shoots.
Temperature up to 25 degrees and the lack of drafts will add to your pet a chance for successful development.
Mineral top dressing Once a week and fertilizing with high potassium organic matter will support adaptation.
Ginger does not tolerate lowering the temperature to 15 degrees, it can also be ruined by the lack of moisture. Do not overdry the soil, if the shoots die, the plant does not revive.
Maintaining high temperatures and regular watering will help you succeed in growing ginger as an indoor plant.
If your goal is getting a useful root, then in the autumn, when the leaves begin to turn yellow and fade, stop watering and cut the plant stems:
- Remove the rhizome from the ground, clean it from the ground.
- White young shoots can be stored in a refrigerator or in a dry ventilated area, in order to plant them again in January in the soil to grow a new crop.
- The rhizome for which you grew ginger for 9 months can be used as a medicine in fresh or frozen form.
Suitable for flavoring well dried and chopped root. Place the crop, cut it into slices, in a dry well-ventilated room for two to three months, and then chop thoroughly.
Growing ginger at home
If the goal of your experience is not to obtain a healthy root at home, then at the beginning of the withering of the leaves, provide ginger with peace by reducing watering. Put the container with cool dark place. Regularly moisten the soil. In the spring, when it comes time to “wake up” a flower, start abundant watering and fertilizing.
In the video you can see how to grow ginger from the root of the house:
Be patient. Even in very good conditions, ginger begins to bloom after 3 - 4 years. But the ginger grown by you from the usual root will delight and amaze you and your guests with original bamboo-like pseudostem from folded leaves up to 1 meter tall and bright original foliage, similar to sedge.
The flowering of ginger is really unique: its bright orange, rich yellow or brown inflorescences are collected in the likeness of an ear at the top of the shoot, decorating the leaf axils.
If you are a happy owner of several acres, then you can try to grow ginger in the open field. It needs to be planted in the greenhouseto avoid the risk of freezing the gentle southerner.
The rest of the growing technology is not too different from growing in an apartment:
- Having provided drainage and soil mixture suitable for root crops, regularly water and spray the ground part of the plant.
- Do not forget about top dressing: well manured soil, potash fertilizers will help to grow a large rhizome with a lot of young roots, which will become suitable planting material in the next season.
- In our climate, ginger will need to be removed in the middle or end of August.
- One week before harvesting, stop watering.
- Cut fading stems.
- The expanded rhizome immediately divide into parts, separating those that are intended for planting and sending them to storage.
- Freeze or dry the parts to be used in a well-ventilated area.
If ginger is planted in a greenhouse, make sure that taller plants grow nearby or make an awning that will protect your southerner from burns.
To buy ginger seeds in stores is very difficult. If you're lucky, put the seeds in light soil, but don't deepen them. Cover the container with plastic or glass, creating a greenhouse effect.
Daily water and air. Shoots will appear in a few days. When the first leaf appears, ginger can be planted in separate pots. The first year is the most difficult, this delicate plant is required. diffused light, high temperature and humidity.
After 3 - 4 years you can dig and divide first rhizome. The process is time consuming, so few people grow this plant from seed.
Ginger is a perennial herb that belongs to the ginger family. In addition to the well-known to us Medical, there are even 140 species ginger
The horned root is the second name of ginger, in scientific literature it bears the name Zingiber officinale. Of all the species, this one - the healing one - is best known.
Diseases and pests
Thanks to its properties ginger resistant to most diseases. Of the pests it is dangerous only spider mite, the struggle with which is not difficult: regularly spray the plant, rub the leaves - and the tick will not come close to your pet.
Root rotting, yellowing leaves, spots on them may be associated with impaired care for ginger. Carefully follow all preventive measures, water and loosen the soil after each watering, avoid stagnation of water - and your pet will feel good.
Growing ginger at home or in the country - the task is not too complicated, but very interesting. And you get a lot of positive emotions, trying to "tame" oriental spice.
A few words about ginger
As we noted above, speaking of ginger, almost all represent only the root of this plant. But let's get acquainted with it a little bit closer, and consider not only the underground, but also the ground part.
This plant is considered to be medicinal. It perfectly copes with almost all colds, including flu, helping cheerfully to endure even epidemiological outbreaks. In addition, ginger is involved in strengthening the immune system, alleviates the condition in case of exacerbated gastric or heart diseases. Therefore, once having grown it at home in a large pot or in a country house in a greenhouse, you will receive an indispensable green doctor.
The ground part of the plant is a fairly high stems, which grow long leaves. Outwardly, it may well pass for ordinary grass, which is a lot in the summer. However, it is a tropical representative of the flora, which scientists refer to rhizome plants. Close relatives of ginger are turmeric, exotic Japanese ginger, cardamom, and even handsome flowers — ginger lily, Siamese tulip, a globe, and alpinia. In general, it looks so simple, this green doctor is not so simple in fact.
Now let's take a closer look at the famous ginger part - the root. Surprisingly, the stems that are at the top are actually pseudostemms. But the one that is underground is real. That is why the root is more like a crooked hand. By growing ginger at home, you can count on a crop about 60 cm tall. And now how to do it.
First you need to purchase the correct planting material. Have you ever planted potatoes? When growing ginger, the process is about the same. To start, you need a fresh, dense root with at least a few live kidneys (or “eyes”, when compared with potatoes). It happens that they are there, but the root itself has already been rolled up, it has become soft. Then it should be placed for some time in the water, so that he gained strength and elasticity. The fluid must be warm, this will help the sleeping buds to quickly wake up.
Now proceed to landing. Its features depend, first of all, on the season. If spring blossoms in the yard, then plant the future plant in a wide, spacious pot (the container will do) in a horizontal position. The direction of the kidneys - to the surface of the earth. Naturally, the soil itself is important. Choose the one that is intended for the cultivation of various vegetable crops. This is considered the most intense and suitable for the cultivation of ginger.
Another condition is also important. Before planting, mix the soil with a special fertilizer designed for root crops. It is saturated with phosphorus necessary for the growth of ginger. Чтобы правильно провести эту несложную процедуру, ознакомьтесь с рекомендациями, сопровождающими приобретенное удобрение. Неукоснительно следуйте им, и все обязательно получится.
Сажают корень неглубоко, всего лишь на пару сантиметров от поверхности грунта. Until the sprout appears, the future ginger should be watered sparingly, carefully observing that the soil is constantly slightly moist but not wet.
In autumn or winter, the plant is not planted, as the conditions are not suitable for its growth and development.
Rule one: excellent drainage! Ginger is a capricious plant in this respect. It loves moisture, but at the same time the root itself very quickly rots. Therefore, create an optimal drainage for your pet from the world of flora so that it does not die. The next two most important conditions are humidity and temperature. Both of these indicators should be high. But, again, the plant is afraid of direct sunlight, although it loves heat. Therefore, do not expose it to the open light, on the contrary, it should be diffused, soft. If the summer is hot and without sudden temperature changes, it is possible to move the ginger to a balcony or veranda. However, remember: it is very picky about heat and moisture! Imbalance will lead to disease, decay and death.
Important feeding. While the plant is gaining strength, it must be fed about 2-3 times a week with general, complex fertilizers. Then, during the formation of the root system, switch to special formulations for root crops.
Irrigation mode depends on weather conditions. If the summer is very hot, dry, water often and much. In wet weather, on the contrary, it is moderate. Do not forget to spray the plant at least twice a day, this procedure is very much loved by ginger.
Root gently dug, cleaned from the soil, washed. Drying should be carried out in a room with low humidity and excellent ventilation. It is usually stored in the refrigerator, while the root remains usable for several months. You can also remove it in a dark, dry closet or just freeze it. Useful properties from this will not suffer.
Ginger is a unique plant, unlike any other, surprisingly beautiful plant. It will surely amaze all your guests, will charm with its simplicity and light aroma. In addition, it is also a great helper in the fight against many diseases, with its use no sore throats and viral infections, you will simply not be afraid!
Translated into Russian from Sanskrit, ginger means “horned root” or, in another interpretation, “universal medicine”. And indeed, it applies from 100 diseases. This natural aphrodisiac inflames sexual desire, for which the Chinese associate ginger with the word "masculinity".
It is believed that a person who has drunk ginger drink becomes bold, brave, and decisive. Such people are unfamiliar fear, panic and depression. Clothing soaked in ginger oil brings success and wealth to the owner.
Chemical composition and healing properties of ginger
The chemical composition of the rhizome determines its healing properties. The rhizome contains up to 3% ginger essential oil, giving a peculiar aroma, a large set of macro-and micronutrients. Of the amino acids in the chemical composition includes tryptophan, threonine, methionine, phenylanine, valine, etc. Ginger has a high content of vitamins of the "B", "A", "C". Burning taste ginger gives gingerol. The components of ginger zingibern, camphene, bisaboline, citral and others in combination with amino acids and other substances create a stable therapeutic complex. Ginger rhizome is used all over the world as a prophylactic agent and in various diseases of anti-inflammatory and bactericidal character, choleretic, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, liver. In East Asia, folk healers have recommended ginger preparations to improve memory. He was considered a good natural stimulant for the prolongation of youth.
The use of ginger in cooking
Ginger rhizome is used as a component or component of individual cold appetizers and hot dishes. For the treatment of preparing broths, infusions. In cooking used in the manufacture of candied fruit, beer (the famous ginger), added to pastries, prepare sauces for meat dishes. Unique ginger tea as a curative for colds and a light invigorating drink during physical exertion and muscle fatigue. To have such a useful plant at home is a must.
Ginger pharmaceutical, or Ginger medicinal, or Ginger real, or Ginger ordinary (Zingiber officinale). © H. Zell
Preparing the soil for ginger seedlings
Ginger likes moist air and does not tolerate excessive watering. A soil mixture is prepared for seedlings from humus, humus, sand and light garden soil, 1: 1: 1: 1. Ready humus can be purchased at the store. The mixture must be thoroughly mixed, put into wide bowls or pots not less than 25 cm high, moistened.
At the end of February, ginger delenki are placed in prepared landing containers with kidney up. Planted rhizomes 3-4 cm sprinkled with soil mixture and watered abundantly. Remember! Drainage is required. After 15-20 days, young ginger shoots appear.
Preparation of rhizomes for planting
Rhizome for planting can be purchased at the mall or vegetable department of the store. Planting material must be young (mandatory) and fresh. The young rhizome is covered with smooth bark of a light golden shade, has eyes on the surface (like potatoes). Do not buy damaged rhizomes, shriveled, sluggish, semi-dried. They will not come to life and will not form shoots.
Before planting on seedlings, the rhizome is soaked in heated water for 12–20 hours. The kidneys during this period swell slightly. Cut the planting material into a share so that each has 2-3 living buds. Cuts are better to perform on the jumpers processes of rhizomes. The wound surface must be protected from root rot and disease fungi. It can be treated with biofungicide, powdered with finely sifted wood ash or pounded coal.
Preparing beds for planting ginger seedlings
For successful development, ginger requires a light, medium acidity soil with a high organic content. In autumn, the soil is loosened by 25-30 cm to create a soft bed. Under digging make 1-2 buckets of humus and a bucket of sand per square meter. m square. If the soil is nutrient depleted, add 50-80 g / sq. m nitrofoski. If the soil is heavy or dense, it is necessary to make a drainage base of coarse pebbles and sand or large spruce coniferous wood (it acidifies neutral soil) and finely chopped waste from garden pruning.
Planting Ginger Seedlings
Germinated rhizomes with vegetative shoots in April-May are planted permanently. To protect against unstable weather conditions (even in the south), plantings are covered with a temporary cover of film or other covering material. Before planting, the soil must be sufficiently moistened. The landing scheme is ordinary. The depth of the planting furrow is about 20 cm. The furrow can be dusted with humus or mature humus. Spread the sprouted delenki through 30 cm and sprinkle with a layer of soil.
Ginger pharmaceutical, or Ginger medicinal, or Ginger real, or Ginger ordinary (Zingiber officinale). © Dalgial
Ginger planting care
In about 30-40 days young shoots appear on the soil surface. The growth of green mass is very active and the plants need sufficient moisture of the soil and air. Ginger plants 2-3 times a week are sprayed from a watering can with a fine-capped attachment and do not allow the soil to dry out. The day after watering, the soil is loosened for better access of oxygen to the roots of the crop. Watering and spraying is best done in the morning before 9 and after lunch no earlier than 15-16 o'clock in the afternoon, so that water droplets do not act as lenses and do not burn the leaves of the plants.
Forming its rhizome as a storage organ, ginger is responsive to fertilization. Feed it every 1.5-2.0 weeks, starting with the phase of mass shoots. Feeding is usually carried out with organic fertilizers, alternating the mullein with bird droppings in breeding, respectively, 1:10 and 1:15. At the end of August, potassium sulphate is put under irrigation by 50-60 g per square meter. m square. Potassium during this period contributes to the growth of rhizomes.
Growing ginger in the middle lane and in the north of Russia
In the middle lane and in the north of Russia, ginger for the collection of therapeutic rhizomes is advisable to grow in heated greenhouses with the creation of the necessary lighting, positive temperatures, moisture of the soil and air.
The plot of protected ground must be carefully prepared. Soil mixture for planting rhizomatous delenok is prepared in the same proportions as for planting roots on seedlings. All preparatory work in protected ground should be completed by the end of February. The soil is heated to +12 .. + 15 ° С, air up to +25 .. + 30 ° С. The optimal time for permanent landing in the greenhouse soil is the first half of March.
Before planting in the ground, delenki must be soaked in warm water for a day. Rooted is cultivated and planted in separate holes according to the 25-30 cm pattern in a row and in row spacing of 40-45 cm. Care consists of regular watering, dressing, loosening (see cultivation in open ground).
Naturally, the crop obtained in greenhouse conditions will differ in size from the crop grown under appropriate climatic conditions on the field. But the rhizome of ginger with a smaller harvest still retains all its useful and healing properties.
Ginger pharmaceutical, or Ginger medicinal, or Ginger real, or Ginger ordinary (Zingiber officinale). © Geoffrey Haberman