If you like to organize tea drinking, then you probably tried a lot of different varieties of this flavored drink. But you may simply not have enough money for some of them, as they are considered the most expensive in the whole world.
So, consider in detail the top 10 most expensive varieties of tea in the world as the cost increases:
- Tienchi It costs about one hundred and seventy dollars per kilogram, grows in the southwestern part of China and is collected exclusively in Yunnan province, therefore it is considered rare. But the drink is appreciated not only because of its origin: raw materials are obtained from the flowers of one of the varieties of ginseng, and they have numerous healing properties. Their roots have long been successfully used in alternative medicine for the treatment of dermatological diseases, insomnia, headaches and dizziness. It is also worth noting the detoxification properties that promote effective cleansing of the body. By the way, the shape of the flowers resemble small broccoli cabbage blossoms. And the name in Latin is “Panax notoginseng”, which translates roughly “I am treating everything”.
- Silver Tips Imperial Makaibari Tea Estate is produced and belongs to the Darjeeling variety, which is harvested in the province of the same name at the foot of the majestic Himalayan mountains at high altitudes from 15-1.5 kilometers to 2.6 meters above sea level. Manor Makaibari - the oldest area in India, where the first tea factory. The company has expanded and still exists, specializing in the production of the most valuable organic teas, including the unique “Silver Tips Imperial”, which has an amazing specific shade and aroma. Patented is a variety that is harvested at full moon and interlaced with thin silver stripes. And the price for one kilogram is 400 dollars.
- "Gyokuro" It is positioned as non-shaded tea harvested using Sencha technology, but in fact it belongs to shaded varieties, because before the harvesting stage, the bushes close from the sun and remain in the shade for two weeks, which allows increasing the concentration of valuable amino acids. The name is translated into Russian as "precious dew", and they are engaged in growing only in one place - the Uji region. The smell and taste are rich, characteristic of this variety, and the shade is a delicate light green. It costs 1000 grams of finished raw materials about 650 US dollars.
- "Poo Poo" Puer varieties (Pu-Erh). This variety belongs to the category of fermented and has a multifaceted rich taste, which gradually increases, increases the value of tea. This species is made in the Chinese southern province of Yunnan. An ordinary person can confuse a drink with the most familiar tea, and only gourmets will appreciate its characteristics. But the uniqueness is given by the fact that, in appearance, the most ordinary dry leaves are in fact ... the feces of several families of insects, which during their lifetime eat exclusively this food. Farmers are looking for and tweezers carefully collect feces, which are then sold and brewed. It is believed that the finished drink perfectly tones and strengthens health. By the way, the variety was discovered by Chinese healers and presented to the emperor in the eighteenth century. And the price at the moment - a thousand dollars.
- Gold tea heads. It costs as much as 3 thousand dollars, and such a high price is due to several reasons. Firstly, there are plants used for harvesting raw materials on one mountain. Secondly, the collection is carried out only once a year and on a single day. Thirdly, the upper parts of the tea trees are cut with special scissors made of gold. Next, cut the heads are dried in the sun, placed in containers and kept there to highlight polyphenols. During storage, the raw material acquires a yellow tint and a subtle pleasant floral smell. Then the leaves are covered with gold in 24 carats, giving a special shimmer. Asian nations are confident that this metal has a beneficial effect on humans. But finding tea is not easy, it is sold in Singapore by the TWG Tea Company.
- «Tieguanyin"Named after the Buddhist goddess of mercy. The variety belongs to the category of oolongs (Oolong) and is a combination of semi-fermented green and black leaves. The elements are quite dense, crispy and hard, the taste is chestnut. For the first time, “Tieguanyin” was prepared in the 19th century before last in Fujian, and the technology is incredibly complex: the leaves after gathering are dried, then cooled and dried again with oxidation, then rolled, fixed, dried again and fried for flavor. By the way, tea can be brewed seven times, and the taste will improve with each preparation. The cost of 1000 g - 3 thousand dollars.
- Narcissus Wuyi Oolong - retro tea with a story. A box with twenty kilograms of raw materials was put up for sale at the Hong Kong auction in 2013. And she is more than fifty years old: she was brought from China to Singapore in the 60s, then for a long time she passed from hand to hand and finally ended up in Hong Kong, where she was bought by a wealthy auctioneer. These are very rare leaves collected in Fujian on a high mountain. And the name was given in honor of the ancient Greek myths about Narcissus, admiring themselves. It is worth a kilo of 6,500 dollars.
- "Panda Dung". The name of this exquisite tea is translated as "panda excrement", but do not think that the leaves are naturally recycled by these cute bears. Pandas eat wild bamboo, remove it (at the same time, up to 70% of useful components are stored in feces), and then this mass is used as a fertilizer for tea trees. It all began simply: an entrepreneur from China, deciding to grow tea on a mountain, collected the products of panda life and fertilized bushes with them. Having tasted the tea, he noticed that his taste was especially rich. The businessman decided to use this feature to the maximum and began selling tea at 70,000 (.) Dollars per kilogram. And some rich people are willing to pay for it.
- A bag of tea with inlaid diamonds produced "PG Tips". This series was released in honor of the anniversary of the company. Inside, there is an expensive “Silver Tips Imperial” tea, outside - decorated with 280 diamonds of excellent quality, decorated by masters of a famous jewelry company. One copy costs 15 thousand dollars, but the company decided to use the money for charity.
- "Da-Hong Pao" can rightly be considered the tea emperor, because it is believed that he is a carefully kept secret of the dynasty of the Ming rulers. The name is translated as “big red mantle”, and there is an opinion that the emperor’s mother who was very sick was cured by the unique drink in question. The ruler sent people to search for a medicinal plant, and those on Wuyi Mountain in China found four bushes, and 3 exist in our time. This is not just a unique and incredibly useful tea, but also a real cultural heritage of the country: it is unrealistic to meet it and buy it, but you can try it as a guest of honor. The raw material is estimated at 1.2 million dollars per kilogram!
These were the most expensive teas of the planet. Would you like to try one of these varieties?
What kind of tea does it have?
When people talk about "teas", what do you think they mean?
Everyone knows that tea is a plant, a tea plant. Plants of different varieties, in terms of botany, have different decorative or physiological characteristics. For example, two varieties of peonies or tomatoes may differ in appearance, have different color and shape of petals, the size and taste of fruits, etc. And many still think that green and black tea is made from different plants. In fact, there is one type of tea plant - camellia chinese - and many of its varieties. The type of tea (green, black, yellow, etc.) depends on the processing of the tea leaf.
We will not go into botanical details. After all, for the buyer the taste, aroma, color of the finished drink matters And these indicators determine trade variety.
Trade grade tea is a quality indicator
A trade variety of tea is made up of many factors. In addition to the variety of tea plants (Chinese, Assamese, Cambodian), the following are taken into account:
- place of growth of the plant itself (this country of origin, the most famous - Chinese, Indian, Ceylon, Kenyan and other teas from Africa, Georgian, Vietnamese, Japanese and, of course, native Krasnodar, specificationsplantation),
- collection time and conditions (which leaves are collected, by hand or machine, collection season, etc.),
- sheet processing features (drying, twisting, grinding, and many more special processes).
And that's not all - many teas are made by blending and additional aromatization (there is nothing bad in it, if the flavors are natural).
All of these factors affect the final grade of tea. As a result, we can read on a pack, for example, "Chinese green leafy long leaf tea (... company name)." Here every word has a meaning.
Which tea maker is the best?
In Soviet times, one type of tea was available to us, which many still miss ("with elephant"). Then the country rushed to the other extreme, and in stores you could buy only imported tea. Now the choice is great, there would be money.
It is very difficult to choose the best tea producer. Mainly, because the same company produces 3-5 different brands of tea in several price categories - expensive, medium, economy. And ardent supporters of Greenfield tea, in fact, choose the same manufacturer as the thrifty fans of the Princess Nuri brand (this is what the Orimi Trade company does). Therefore, the definition of "best tea maker" is very conditional.
Among Russian tea producers, we note companies:
- Orimi TradeIt owns the brands Princess Nouri, Princess Kandy, (as well as Gita, Java), as well as Tess, Greenfield,
- "May" - and this is not only “May tea”, but also “Lisma”, Curtis,
- "Unilever" - Conversation, Brooke Bond, Lipton (the owner of the company is England, but the production is located in Russia).
Among the most famous foreign teas "Dilmah" (supplier of Ceylon tea), English "Twinings", «Ahmad ",Ceylon "Riston"(positioning itself as “English premium tea”), «Akbar.
When selecting the varieties of tea for the rating, we were based on customer reviews and research results. We did not consider rare, elite and expensive varieties that are sold only at auctions or in tea shops of narrow specialization. In the rating collected popular trading varieties of black and green teathat are easy to find in stores near your home.
5th place - Gyokuro green tea (Gyokuro)
Cost - $ 32.5 per 50 g
One of the most expensive Japanese varieties of green tea, which is called "Jade dew" for a thin, very gentle light green shade of the finished drink. Tea is grown in the south of Japan, most of all - in Fukuoka Prefecture.
The first harvest begins in early April, when the first green buds appear, surrounded by one or two tender leaves. 20 days before the start of the gathering, over the planting of tea bushes, canopies of cane and rice straw are organized, which protects the plants from direct sunlight. This procedure reduces the rate of photosynthesis, which allows you to accumulate a greater amount of theanine - a very useful amino acid. In addition, the total concentration of catechins in the tea leaf reduces tartness and bitterness to the finished tea drink.
After picking, fresh tea raw materials are treated with steam for 20-30 seconds in order to release tea flavor components and prevent oxidation processes. Then proceed to the stage of rolling, sorting and drying. Sorting tea raw materials is done strictly by hand - each piece of piece, rolled into an oblong tube, after which it begins to resemble the appearance of a pine needle. Broken leaves, buds and stems are diverted to lower grade raw tea.
This variety requires water brewing at a lower temperature than other green teas - about 40-60 degrees. This technique allows a lot to reveal the taste and aromatic range of "Jade dew".
In comparison with the neighbors of our TOP, Gokuro is the cheapest tea, but far from the worst.
“Gyokuro” green tea is also called “Jade dew”
4th place. Black tea - "Tie Guanyin" (Tieguanyin)
Cost - $ 150 per 50 g
This sort of tea belongs to the class of large-leaved oolongs grown in China, where it is classified as a turquoise tea, in Russia for some reason it is called red tea, apparently because of the reddish hue of the finished drink. Although tea from other black raw materials gives not the worst “red” color.
Te Guanyin is grown in the south of the famous tea province of Fujian, in Anxi county.
As befits an expensive variety, Te Guanyin has its own couple of legends about its origin. One of them tells us about a certain Chinese tea-grower Wei Qing, who once lived in Anxi. Twice a day, every day he brought three cups of tea grown on his plantations to the goddess Guanyin and did this for ten years in a row. One night he had a dream about a lonely tree growing on a distant rock, exuding a wonderful aroma. The next morning, Wei Qin got ready to go and found the same tree, took a cutting from it and planted it at home in a metal pot.
The stalk successfully settled down, the tea-grower collected some leaves from it and made them for his friends, who really liked the tea drink. Wei Qin asked his senior mentor how to call this beautiful tea. The mentor replied that tea was sent down by the goddess Guanyin, and the tea tree grew in iron dishes, so you need to call it “Iron Guanyin” or “Te Guanyin”.
Tea raw materials can be brewed up to seven times before the tea loses its aroma and rich taste. A characteristic feature of this tea is a pronounced chestnut aroma during infusion, which makes it truly unique among all expensive teas.
Black tea "Tie Guanyin" belongs to the class of large-leaved oolong
3rd place. Green Tea - “Yellow Tea Tea Buds”
Cost - $ 480 per 50 g
50 grams of dry tea raw materials will make about 25 cups of the finished beverage, as expensive as the tea itself. The price of $ 480 is indicated from the website of the Singapore manufacturer TWG, it must be assumed that it will be much higher with suppliers.
At the moment, this shining golden tea can be purchased only in Singapore, so if you do not live there or do not plan to go there in the near future, then you are not destined to drink this wonderful golden drink. The smuggling of this tea is severely punished by the criminal articles of Singapore.
Tea bushes are grown in China, and among all the Chinese tea plantations, only one of them has the only mountain in the world where tea raw materials are cultivated and harvested for Golden Tea Buds. Moreover, the collection is carried out only one day a year with the help of special golden scissors, and only the uppermost buds on the branches of the tea bush fall into the raw material. At least, as reported by representatives of the company TWG. In addition, after drying, tea raw materials are placed in closed containers and slightly heated to release polyphenols, which give the tea buds a yellowish color and an extremely mild floral taste.
After preliminary preparation, the most important moment in the manufacture of this tea comes - it is covered with the most real, 24-carat yellow gold.
Not in order to provide raw materials with an elite value, but with the aim of increasing the nutritional value, because in Asia, gold is considered very healthy. This technique makes tea as expensive variety as some species of animals listed in the first lines of the Red Book.
How much the author of the article did not try to find out on what day they were collecting tea raw materials and on which Chinese mountain, this was not possible. Probably worth a fly to Singapore, and then to China specifically for this purpose.
“Golden buds” belong to the category of poorly fermented green teas - yellow teas and consist only of the buds of the tea plant, sorted according to a single similarity - all of them are exactly the same as clones.
Green tea "Golden tea buds" is covered with a thin word of gold
2nd place. Black Tea - Da Hong Pao
Cost - $ 2,160 for 50 g
This variety of Chinese tea belongs to the category of rock teas growing in the north-west of Fujian Province, in the Wuyi Mountains. The class of tea raw materials is semi-fermented oolongs, which classifies it as red or black teas.
As befits all oolongs - Da Hong Pao tea leaves have burgundy shades along the edges and along the vein, the rest is green. With each subsequent brewing, the color and aroma of the finished drink changes. The first brews are characterized by a rich, sweetish taste and light dark golden colors. Subsequent tea leaves - a lighter fruity aftertaste and rich amber color range. Отличительной чертой этого сорта является очень долгое фруктовое послевкусие во рту, что, видимо, и придает ему такую высокую стоимость.
У этого чая есть своя легенда, найденная на стенах монастыря Тянь Синь Сы, объясняющая его название — «Да Хун Пао», что в переводе с китайского означает — «Большой красный халат».
В 1385 году, юноша по имени Дин Сянь, направляясь на сдачу экзаменов, результат которых определит его дальнейшую жизнь, получил тепловой удар, а один из монахов монастыря использовал чайный напиток, для исцеления юноши. The guy quickly recovered and very successfully passed the exams, which allowed him to get a very prestigious position at the court of the emperor. The high rank did not prevent the now stately nobleman to thank the kind monk, making him an expensive gift in the form of a large red robe with the image of a dragon. Following the canons of a modest monastic life, a Buddhist priest was forced to reject a generous gift, so the official covered the tea-bushes with this robe.
According to another legend, thanks to the therapeutic properties of tea, the mother of the emperor of the Ming dynasty was successfully healed. As a token of special thanks, the almighty emperor ordered the four tea bushes to be wrapped in luxurious red mantles.
“Da Hong Pao” tea production takes a very long time and requires a lot of effort - most of the manipulations are done manually, which also justifies the high cost of tea raw materials. In 1996, at the world tea auction held in Beijing, the Chinese government managed to sell 1 kg of tea raw materials for $ 1,250,000, which makes tea much more expensive than gold.
Black tea "Da Hong Pao" has a long fruity aftertaste
1st place. Panda dung tea
Cost - $ 3500 for 50 g
Each of us knows who the pandas are. These are such cute, pleasant to the touch, warm animals that sleep a lot. And they are a lot ... cocoa. The Chinese have not disregarded this feature of cute animals and since April 2012 they began to produce the most expensive tea in the world, a cup of which will cost you about 200 dollars.
But who would want to drink an infusion on excrement, even such wonderful creatures as pandas. Do not worry - contrary to the notorious opinion, which, apparently, dissolve envious competitors, tea raw materials do not consist of animal feces. This is a common tea grown on plantations in the mountains of Yaan, Sichuan Province of China, where bushes are richly treated with panda dung. Pandas eat only fresh bamboo leaves, which are rich in various nutrients and healthy substances, and the animals' digestive system is designed in such a way that only about 30% of these substances are absorbed. The remaining 70% go outside without changes and begin to actively serve as fertilizer for tea bushes.
Pand-fertilized tea, the most expensive and mysterious tea drink in China
Tea raw materials are classified as green teas.
Only two things remained unclear: why the tea was not given a more euphonic name and ... for what kind of money ?!