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Tip 1: 4 most useful cuisines of the world

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The world is huge, and there are many different cultures and products. Some people think that the cheapest way to travel is to simply try different cuisines of the world. However, to find such food which allows not to harm health, can be quite difficult. Check out this list! He will tell you which cuisines in the world use the most useful products. You will be able to add new, appetizing dishes to your usual diet.

Japanese culture prescribes eating in small quantities, with the constant presence of multi-colored vegetables and greens. Actively used cabbage, green onions, eggplant. The Japanese want to eat properly and use seasonal ingredients and tastes. When they cook, they try to choose only those products that are available according to the season, for example, in the spring they eat more bitter vegetables and seasonings. They use light dressings all the time — wasabi, soy sauce, pickled vegetables and miso soup. With food intake, they most often drink green tea, in which there are a lot of antioxidants.

Italy and Greece

Mediterranean cuisine is rich in olive oil, which is considered extremely beneficial to heart health. Such a diet will perfectly help to reduce inflammation in the body and lead to weight loss due to the presence of beneficial saturated fats and vegetables - they enhance health and boost metabolism. For example, make a Greek salad or cook whole-wheat pasta with shrimps, lemon and basil.

In Indian cuisine, cereals are widely used, and there is a lot of fiber in dishes. In addition, in the kitchen a lot of healthy fats from legumes and spices and herbs that strengthen the immune system reduce blood pressure and protect the body from inflammation. A popular dish is beans with tomato sauce, in which there are many spices. Another famous recipe is chicken masala. This is chicken with yogurt and chili sauce. Try to eat less rice, replacing it with more healthy whole grains, and your Indian dishes will bring you only benefits.

In Korean cuisine a variety of vegetables are actively used. For example, one of the main dishes is kimchi - this is cabbage with radish and ginger, which has undergone a fermentation process. Fermented foods are full of probiotics essential for the health of the gastrointestinal tract. The basic seasonings in Korea are red pepper, green onions, bean paste, garlic, ginger, sesame and vinegar. Like the Japanese, Koreans love light and healthy dishes like miso soup, kimchi, or steamed vegetables with chili paste. Most Koreans add vegetables to any meal.

Ethiopian cuisine is based on cereals, hot pepper, beans, cabbage, tomatoes, cabbage, lamb, and eggs. Ethiopians practically do not eat pork. They have a popular bread, in which a lot of protein and fiber. They often eat soup with lentils and edamame - the fiber in such a dish perfectly helps to adjust the work of the intestines.

Scandinavia

The Scandinavian diet is considered one of the best in the world. In Sweden, the number of people suffering from obesity is less than ten percent, a similar situation in the countries next door. In Scandinavia, it is customary to cook simple meals from scratch, wholesome and nutritious. Scandinavians often eat herring and salmon - there is a lot of Omega-3 in such fish. In addition, they love root vegetables and cabbage, whole grain bread and berries.

Vietnamese cuisine is different dishes with a minimum of fat, while there are full of vitamins and vegetable soups with a light broth. Instead of baking for dessert, they eat fruits - there are a lot of them in Vietnam, and many of them are extremely useful.

In Thai cuisine there is no saturated fat, in many dishes high content of fiber and protein. Thais are made from tofu, eggs, leafy greens, carrots. The dishes use a lot of spices that guarantee a combination of sweet and spicy. Coconut milk is also often used, which improves metabolism.

In Spanish cuisine, a lot of dried fruits and nuts, which are rich in fiber. Like the French, Spaniards often drink wine. Their diet is rich in olive oil, sardines, chickpeas and chicken.

The history of Moroccan cuisine

The original inhabitants of Morocco are Berbers, “free people,” they invented the tajin and couscous. The Arab invasion, having subsided, left an abundance of spices in the Moroccan cuisine, love for nuts and dried fruits, unusual combinations of sweet and sour. Olives and oil from them, lemon juice and new methods of preservation became the legacy of the Moors.

The Ottoman Empire presented various kebabs (kebabs) to the Moroccans. The existence of Morocco as a French colony, gave the kitchen the ultimate shine.

The French taught the Moroccans to bake delicious buns, opened the first cafes and instilled a taste for wines. Through the efforts of so many nations, over the millennia of cut, Moroccan cuisine has become a paradise for gourmet gourmets.

Herbs and spices, popular in the kitchen of Morocco

One of the most popular spice blends in Morocco consists of:

It is the potpourri of these spices that are put in almost every tagine and added to couscous. Generally, in Morocco, cumin is one of the most popular seasonings, a saucer with it is served with salt and pepper shaker. Another popular spice is cinnamon. It is put in tagine, pastila - traditional layered meat pie, fruit salads.

Saffron, cardamom, sesame, paprika, anise and cloves are also widely used. The most popular herbs in Moroccan bazaars are parsley and cilantro. Together with them, mint, thyme and marjoram are often put into various dishes.

Thyme, which is well known and loved in the Mediterranean cuisine, is used only in Morocco to impart new nuances of taste not only to the first and second courses, but also to desserts.

Oils and aromatic waters

Olive oil reigns in Moroccan cuisine as well as in other Mediterranean countries, but since the best oil is often exported, it has been replaced by cheaper argan oil (for Morocco) in home cooking.

It has a strong nutty flavor that does not harm the charms of Moroccan dishes. The Moroccans inherited a love for pink and orange water from the Turks, and water was widely used in desserts, fruit salads and drinks.

Nuts and dried fruits

Nuts and dried fruits can be called Moroccan national food. During Ramadan, and most Moroccans are Muslims, you should drink three sips of water and eat a handful of nuts or dried fruit before meals.

The most popular nuts are almonds and walnuts. Of dried fruits, figs, dried apricots and prunes are most often used, which are put to meat, fish, vegetables, cereals.

How and what to eat in Morocco

The most popular soup in Morocco - harira. Its recipes vary depending on the region and the time of year, but the basis is always meat - beef, lamb, chicken, tomatoes, onions, lentils and chickpeas with flour dressing.

Tajine (Tajine) in Morocco, they call both the dish and the traditional dishes in which it is cooked. This amazing construction of a low clay pot and a lid in the form of a sharp dome allows the food to be cooked evenly, and all the aroma condenses in the vapors collecting on the lid of the tajine in the form of drops, which the inexorable law makes you return to the dish.

Anything can be turned into a tagine; meat and fish, vegetables and fruits are put in there. Some typical tagines consist of lamb and nuts, lamb with prunes and almonds, chicken with olives and canned lemons.

Each region has its own special tagine, which they are proud of and consider it the best and tastiest. Since the food in the tajine is cooked for a long time, the housewives put food into it for dinner right after breakfast.

Couscousalso known in Morocco as sex, one of the most healthy foods in the world. It is mistakenly called cereal, but it is more correct to consider it a type of durum wheat pasta.

Although now the couscous can be bought in finished form, the Moroccan still often cook it themselves, rubbing the semolina with water for hours to get small pellets that will be steamed. Cooked couscous is boiled and served as a hot side dish with meat or vegetables or put in salads.

Speaking of salads. In Morocco, they are divided into two types: cooked and raw. Raw cooked vegetables seasoned with olive oil, spices and herbs. Ready-made ones, such as an alley, bakula, shakshuk, are prepared from a combination of vegetables and spices, boiling in a saucepan.

Pastilla Came to Morocco from Spanish Andalusia. It was brought by exiles-Moors in the XV century. In this puff cake perfectly crispy dough, pigeon or chicken meat, the sweetness of sugar and cinnamon, the volatility of an aromatic sauce with almond paste.

After eating, Moroccans usually eat fresh fruit or salads from them. Baking is something that is served separately, to the popular in Morocco mint tea. It is brought in small cups, with leaves of fresh plants inside. Also baked coffee is served with Turkish brewed coffee or coffee with milk.

The most popular sweets in Morocco are "Ankles gazelles" - Crescent shaped cookies with almond filling and “cigars”, brightened, as well as with minadom.

South Korea

Obesity rate: 10%.

average life expectancy: 79 years old.

A typical Korean menu can rightly be called low-fat: it is based on bean curd tofu, noodles, fish and vegetables. Yes, the favorite delicacy of Koreans - roast beef - cannot be called a healthy choice, but they rarely indulge themselves with it, thus saving themselves from problems with cholesterol and stomach cancer.

On a note: many of us would do well to learn Korean restraint. If you like, for example, shortbread (one of the worst enemies of the figure), try to turn it into a truly rare treat, so that your favorite food does not turn from self-indulgence into an everyday dish. And save your health, and you will not have time to get fed up.

Obesity rate: 24%.

average life expectancy: 81 year.

The most useful components of Israeli cuisine are legumes, eggplants, and all the same olive oil. In addition, Israelis abundantly use all sorts of spices and herbs, supplying their dishes with antioxidants and vitamins and at the same time avoiding excess salt. At the same time, many of the seasonings they use — for example, pepper and turmeric — have anti-inflammatory properties and speed up the metabolism, and sesame seeds (the essential ingredient of traditional hummus) are rich in calcium, zinc, and folic acid.

On a note: If during the day you add about half a teaspoon of pepper to your diet, it will allow you to burn 30-50 kcal more.

Obesity rate: 25%.

average life expectancy: 80 years.

The current Greece, like many other countries of the world, is captured by fast food. It’s up to them to blame for the fact that about 60% of Greeks suffer from excess weight, but traditional Greek cuisine does not contribute to such unenviable results. It uses a large number of fresh vegetables, olive oil, pickled cheeses and whole-grain flour products, and the place of red meat on the Greek table is occupied by fish and peas rich in omega-3 acids.

On a note: Mayor’s favorite Russian sauce can be easily replaced with soft feta cheese. He will supply your dish with calcium, healthy fats and vitamins, mayonnaise - just add a couple extra kilos to the waist.

West African Cuisine

West African countries, including Nigeria, Mali and Guinea, are popular with tourists for their unusual but useful cuisine. In cooking, the inhabitants of these regions use lean meat, palm meal, planten, okra, chard, peppers, beans, and cabbage. The sweet potato is rich in potassium, vitamins C and manganese. Plantenas are rich in fiber and vitamin A. One of the favorite dishes of Africans is Gumbo - it can be called spicy Creole soup or even stews. This is a very tasty and nutritious dish that harmoniously combines the taste richness of Indian, Spanish and African cuisine. The traditional gumbo recipe is rather high in calories.

Spanish cuisine

Spanish cuisine is famous for the fact that its dishes are full of dried fruits and nuts, which are sources of fiber. Also, the Spaniards love to drink wine during their lunches and dinners, but only very good and mostly dry. Spain is popular for its small tapas, and, of course, olives and sardines. Also in Spain there is a very good tradition - lunchtime sleep, which has a beneficial effect on digestion and metabolism.

Thai cuisine

Who was in Thailand, he knows not by hearsay that the cuisine of this country is very peculiar, but in many respects useful. Its many dishes are rich in fiber and proteins, as they are made from rice, tofu, eggs, leafy vegetables and carrots. Most often, dishes from Thai cuisine are very lean, because very few people can afford to buy meat all the time. Vegetable food is a priority, and to make its taste rich, all food is filled with a large number of aromatic spices, which the Europeans find it hard to get used to the first time. However, such food speeds up metabolism.

Vietnamese cuisine

Among the most useful cuisines of the world can not fail to pay tribute to the Vietnamese. It is rich in low-fat dishes and at the same time includes a lot of vegetables rich in vitamins. Pho soup with aromatic vegetables and light broth can be ordered with beef, chicken or pork to choose from. After lunch or dinner, fruits are used as dessert, not pastries. In Vietnam, a large number of useful and very unusual fruits grow. The most popular among which is the Paradise Fruit, or, as it is also called, Durian. If you watched "The World Inside Out" with Dmitry Komarov, then you remembered how the TV host described the unearthly taste of this fruit and at the same time hellish smell.

Scandinavian cuisine

This is where almost no obesity is in Scandinavia. The cuisine of this region is considered one of the healthiest diets in the world. Prepare dishes from poultry and fish. Danes just love salmon, cabbage, root vegetables, carrots and beets, whole-grain rye bread and brussels sprouts. As a dessert, you will be served berries, such as lingonberries and cloudberries, and not cakes and choux. Also in most Scandinavian dishes there is a large amount of spices and herbs, such as chives, thyme, cardamom and parsley.

Ethiopian cuisine

Mostly Ethiopian cuisine consists of grains, hot peppers, cabbage, kale, tomatoes, lamb, eggs and many other useful ingredients. It is also important that Ethiopians do not eat pork at all. Injera is considered the most popular Ethiopian dish - a special kind of bread with a high content of proteins and fiber. Also popular is lentil soup Edaname, which is recommended to be used for dietary purposes by people with intestinal problems, as well as to strengthen the immune system.

Korean cuisine

Korean cuisine is rich in lots of healthy vegetables. One of the most famous Korean dishes is Kimchi. It is made from cabbage, radish and ginger, which is very useful for improving the health of the digestive tract. Almost no Korean dish can be cooked without red pepper, green onions, legumes, garlic, ginger, sesame and vinegar. Koreans also have a variety of light and healthy side dishes. The most popular ones are miso soup, kimchi, steamed vegetables and chili paste. As a snack, Koreans choose raw vegetables, not buns, chocolate bars and cookies, like us.

Indian kitchen

One of the most useful cuisines is Indian. It is literally teeming with cereals and fiber, rich in healthy fats from legumes, healing spices and herbs. One of the most popular and healthy dishes is Loby of beans in tomato sauce with lots of herbs and spices. Also no less popular dish is chicken masala with chili pepper, yogurt, ginger, onion and garlic. Agree, it even sounds appetizing.

South Mediterranean cuisine

Most Mediterranean dishes are prepared exclusively with olive oil. Replace sunflower oil with olive oil for at least a month, and you will feel like a new person from the inside. First, you will lose weight, secondly, your skin will shine, and your hair will become silky, thirdly, you will forget about problems with digestion, and so you can continue indefinitely. An example of a simple and healthy Mediterranean dish is the Greek salad or pasta with shrimps and basil with lemon sauce.

Japanese food

There is no doubt that the most useful cuisine in the world is Japanese. And it's not about the food itself, but about the food culture itself. The Japanese are accustomed to the slow consumption of food in small portions and bright vegetables. The cuisine of this country includes a lot of green vegetables, including cabbage, bliss (green onions) and nasu (eggplant). The Japanese are sincere fans of healthy food, so they choose seasonal foods. So, in the spring used more bitter vegetables and a lot of spices. Japanese people also like light seasonings: wasabi, pickled ginger, soy sauce, miso soup and tsukemono (pickled cucumbers). Most Japanese drink green or white tea while eating.

Top 7 healthy and healthy cuisines of the world

Кухни различных стран мира привлекают своим разнообразием. Они стараются усовершенствовать обычные блюда, сделать их более пикантными. А все это получается благодаря тому, что блюда стараются угодить вкусовым предпочтениям и привычкам людей и наций, проживающих рядом.

And, if we at least know something about the Russian, Caucasian and other national cuisines of the peoples of Russia and the former Soviet Union, we have only heard a little about the others.

If you want to try the masterpieces of cuisines of various nations of the world, then you should not go to distant countries. You can try exquisite dishes and at home, if you clearly maintain all the rules of cooking unusual dishes. Some cuisines of the world are extremely beneficial to the body and at the same time very tasty. After analyzing all the nuances, a whole list of such kitchens was compiled, which deserve special attention.

So, below are the most healthy and healthy cuisines of the world.

Greek cuisine

Greek cuisine usually uses vegetables in its diet, as well as fruits, cereals, in which there is protein, olive oil, various seafood rich in omega-3 fats. Adding such foods to the dish strengthens the immune system. Also, their useful qualities help to prevent the occurrence of heart disease and diabetes. Another advantage of such products is to maintain the shape in excellent condition.

Scientists at Harvard University argue that eating Greek dishes will help reduce the likelihood of cancer and heart disease by 25%.

Serving dishes from the Greeks, too, is peculiar - they bring many small portions that should be eaten by several people at once. This state of affairs leads to the fact that overeating will be simply impossible.

Be careful! You need to look at how much oil is added to food, especially baking. If this is not done, then the calorie content of the vegetable pie will be greater than that of a large bacon cheeseburger.

The most harmful cuisines of the world

Germany

According to experts, German cuisine has a reputation for being fatty and very high in calories. An example of this are the traditional and many favorite Bavarian sausages, deep-fried meat, Eintopf thick soup with meat, as well as various smoked meats. The list of these German popular dishes confirms a similar reputation of German cuisine.


Czech

Grilled pork knuckle with a glass of beer - a gastronomic mast have any tourist who will visit this country. Also in the traditional menu you can add all kinds of fatty meat, sauces, a lot of lard and bread, potato dishes, pancakes and jelly. It is not surprising that a third of the population of the Czech Republic is overweight and has health problems.


Hungary

In Hungary, too many people are overweight (about 25%). This is because their traditional dish is delicious, but very high-calorie meat goulash. Also, their other national dishes no less calories. Mainly prepared from meat and fat. In order to improve the situation, the Hungarian government imposed a tax on junk food. Also increased the price of sweet soda and fast foods.


Belgium

However, not only meat dishes are traditional in Europe. Belgian sweets are considered no less calorie. This can include delicious chocolate, all kinds of desserts, Belgian waffles and other pastries. Belgium is famous for this high-calorie yummy.

It is known that Belarus is a leader in the cultivation and consumption of potatoes. And potatoes, as is known, contain a large amount of starch. It is starch that promotes weight gain and negatively affects blood vessels. Who has not tried the most delicious Belarusian pancakes from potatoes (pancakes, potato pancakes)? And in combination with meat, dairy products and all kinds of bakery products - this is a time bomb. That is why the Belarusian cuisine also added to the list of the most harmful in the world.


Argentina

Energetic and emotional Argentines love not only temperamental dances. They adore heavy food. Basically - it is a dish of meat and flour. As you know, Argentina is one of the world's leading suppliers of marbled beef. In its menu, residents of this country also prefer red meat.


USA

There is an opinion that the United States of America does not have a national cuisine as such. However, the title was firmly established for America - the birthplace of fast foods. And what is fast food - is known to all. Therefore, we include the United States in the list of countries with the most harmful cuisine.


And now it's time to go to the countries in which traditional dishes are the right and healthy food.

The most useful cuisines of the world

Japan

Everyone knows that the basis of the national cuisine of Japan are fish, seaweed and a number of other seafood. To all of the above, add vegetables, soy and rice. But meat, dairy products, fats and carbohydrates are used very rarely. Everything else, the products are subjected to minimal heat treatment. And this allows you to save a maximum of useful substances. Even sweets in Japan are made from rice flour, fruit juices, and seaweed thickeners. Therefore, they can be attributed not only to delicious, but also useful desserts.


Vietnam

The national cuisine of Vietnam is famous for a large number of herbs and spices - cilantro, mint, lemongrass, chili pepper, coriander, basil. In addition, Vietnamese use fresh vegetables, seafood, rice and rice flour to prepare a variety of dishes. Fats are practically not used. And a minimum of heat treatment. Vietnam, as well as Japan, is in the list of countries with the most useful cuisine.

Indian cuisine is distinguished by a huge number of all kinds of spices - turmeric, ginger, chili, cloves, cardamom, mint. These spices give the Indian cuisine not only rich, but also an amazing aromatic taste. They are very beneficial effect on the human body. The listed spices are an excellent protection against cancer, Alzheimer's disease and all sorts of inflammatory processes. They also have a positive effect on the digestive organs.

Connoisseurs of tasty and healthy food unfairly cheated the national cuisine of Ethiopia. However, it is very original and useful. Ethiopian cuisine is different way to serve dishes on cakes of tef flour and unusual spicy taste. Thanks to the generous nature of the Ethiopian cuisine is rich in fresh vegetables and fruits, and the source of protein is the fish that lives in nearby waters in large quantities. As for meat and dairy products, the locals themselves breed sheep and camels. Naturally, such products are not only tasty, ecological, but also healthy.


Israel

The products that land and water gives them are popular with Israelis. Their national cuisine is rich in various fish, poultry, nuts, root vegetables, legumes, spices and honey. Ingredients for dishes are carefully studied and selected. This is also explained by the prohibitions established by ancient religious norms. However, their limitations are fully compensated by the originality of the culinary preparation. And in this Israeli chefs know a lot. Israeli cuisine uses many spices. One of the most popular dishes is falafel - chickpea cutlets, and snacks - chickpea hummus.

Finnish cuisine has a wide use of fish. Also in the diet of the Finns a lot of meat of wild animals and the gifts of the forest. Their national dishes are rich in elk, venison and bear meat. And wild berries such as lingonberries, cloudberries, cranberries are an excellent side dish and sauce. On the table with the Finns, as a rule, a lot of vegetables and fruits. Pasta made from durum wheat and rice are also served.

Very popular and famous Finnish soups. They are made from salmon and cream. And the ear - from the perch and pike. Despite the fact that the Finns love bread, it does not harm their health. It is baked from whole grains of wheat, oats, barley and rye. Experts attribute this to the pluses of Finnish cuisine. And desserts cooked by Finnish chefs, you can safely be attributed to the useful.


Mediterranean Kitchen

And as the completion of our list - not a single country, and the whole region - the Mediterranean. This region has received recognition from all fans of healthy eating. According to its range, this diet is the most useful and balanced. Everyone knows that this is a food pyramid, which consists of the most useful food. The advantages of this kitchen are obvious. All over the Mediterranean, various types of fish, fresh vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, zucchini, artichokes), as well as various fruits and berries are popular products. As an addition - a lot of spices, honey and greens. A variety of cheeses, nuts and olive oil is used as the main source of fat. Instead of grain crops, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean prefer beans and corn. According to experts, the Mediterranean diet is very simple. The main thing in it is the preservation of all the beneficial properties, taste and aroma of products.


From the above it can be concluded that all the most useful national cuisines have much in common. The main thing in them is fresh vegetables and fruits, fish dishes, a lot of greens, and as a side dish - rice or beans. At the same time, meat and dairy products are used in limited quantities. And as desserts are berries, fruits, honey and nuts. And of course, a minimum of heat treatment, no semi-finished products and fast foods. All these principles are easy to use in your own kitchen.

What country's cuisine do you like best? What kind of dishes? Share with us in the comments.

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